The stomach is a hollow muscle, which is one of the most important organs of the digestive tract. It is located between the duodenum and esophagus, performing the functions of mixing food and its partial cleavage. Diseases of the stomach are associated with the disorder of its basic functions, resulting in a number of painful symptoms - heartburn, taste change, increased thirst, constipation, loose stool, nausea, eructation, vomiting and painful sensations. Each of these signs is a signal of the disease of this organ.
The most common diseases of the stomach include acute and chronic gastritis, duodenitis, erosion, ulcers and cancer. Each ailment always has its own reason. In the case of a disorder of gastric function, this may be preceded by an improper diet, low-quality food intake, overeating, misuse of spicy dishes, poor chewing and malnutrition.
Diseases of the stomach in a neglected state often lead to the need for surgical intervention, after which complications arising in the early and late postoperative period are quite possible. These diseases include pathological changes such as peptic ulcer of the small intestine, stump gastritis, gullet syndrome, chronic pancreatitis, dumping syndrome, stump ulcers and anastomosis, anemia.
Diseases of the operated stomach, its organic and functional disorders Arise almost after each operation of this digestive organ. One of the frequent postoperative diseases is stump gastritis. Patients experience a decrease in appetite, frequent regurgitation of food, periodic diarrhea, a feeling of heaviness after eating, aching pain and a significant decrease in ability to work.
Remote postoperative periods do not guarantee a further absence of stomach disease. In the area located after the stump, peptic ulcer of the small intestine may open. Her symptoms are severe pains in the pitcher, which become most intense after eating. The presence of ulcers is detected after X-rays and gastroscopy. The most effective method of its treatment is re-operative intervention.
Disorders associated with rapid evacuation of food from the stomach, called dumping syndrome. Its main signs include attacks of early (10 - 15 minutes) and late (2 - 3 hours) after-dinner weakness, as well as diarrhea, dizziness, fever, increased heart rate, blood pressure changes and pain in the epigastric region. The severe form of such a stomach disease can lead to an after-noon fainting, exhaustion, disruption of fatty, protein and carbohydrate metabolism, dystrophy of internal organs, rapid fatigue and nervous disorders.
Inflammation of the pancreas, developing at different times of the postoperative period, is called chronic pancreatitis. Its main feature is the pain of shingles in the upper half of the abdomen. It is possible to increase the overall body temperature and diarrhea. To treat this disease follows in the conditions of the hospital. Syndrome of the adductor gut develops only after resection. With this pathology, the contents of the intestine and bile come back into the stomach, the patient experiences bitterness in the mouth, nausea, heaviness under the pit of stomach and vomiting with an admixture of bile. Such a disease of the operated stomach is treated only operatively.
After surgery on the stomach , the formation of ulcers of its stump and anastomosis, leading to pain and rapid weight loss. To treat this illness follows the conduct of physical procedures, the use of medications, such as "Tserukal", "Reglan", "Dimetpramid" with strict diet.
Due to deficiency of iron and vitamin B12, as a result of the reduction of the area of the stomach, anemia can develop. Reduction of hemoglobin should be compensated by injections of vitamin B12 and the use of preparations containing iron. Gastric diseases can lead to the most severe consequences, so do not neglect the slightest anxiety symptoms and engage in self-medication. Treatment of the stomach should be handled by doctors on the basis of thorough research.