Rylov Arkady Alexandrovich - a wonderful Russian Soviet artist. His paintings have a strong emotional impact, causing a sense of unaccountable joy.
Life of the artist
Rylov Arkady Alexandrovich was born in 1870 in the village of Istobensk in the Oryol district of the Vyatka province. It happened on the way on the way to Vyatka, where his parents were going. The future artist was brought up by his stepfather-notary, who worked in Vyatka, as his own father suffered from a mental disorder. A small quiet town and the nature around it evoked in the child a poetic feeling that asked them to paint them in colors.
After graduating from high school, at the age of 18 he went to Petersburg and entered the Central School of Technical Drawing of Baron AL. Stieglitz, where he studied for three years. At the same time, Rylov Arkady Alexandrovich was engaged in the Drawing School with a society of encouraging artists. He evidently wanted to quickly comprehend all the technical possibilities that would help him open up as a painter. But the student is suddenly called into the army. After serving in it, Rylov is admitted to the Academy of Arts of St. Petersburg. He dreams of learning from the ingenious innovator-experimenter A. Kuindzhi, whose name was then roared in Russia and abroad. His "Moonlit Night on the Dnieper" (1880) made a sensation among the public and provoked ambiguous statements from fellow workers. In 1894, Rylov Arkady Alexandrovich began to study in the studio of Arkhip Ivanovich, who was a wonderful teacher. On his own money (he spent very little on his family) A. Kuindzhi drove students to the Crimea and abroad, paid scholarships to the indigent (remembering his own poor beginning of school). What did Rilov teach in this workshop? He learned to create romantic holistic images, paying attention to lighting effects, and tried to work as much as possible in the open-air, so Arkhip Ivanovich believed that nature is the most important teacher.
In 1897, he completed his studies at the Academy, and Rylov was awarded the title of Artist. Then Arkady Alexandrovich traveled abroad, having visited Germany, France and Austria. The beginning of the new century, he meets a formal landscape painter. Under Vyatka and Petersburg, he writes a lot of sketches and devotes two years to work on the painting "Green Noise" (1904).
This work of a young but already experienced master can now be admired in the Russian Museum. In the foreground is a green hillock, descending to the winding incredible blue river. On it, the green crowns of white birches, old and young, tremble under the strong gusts of the wind. Over them, a cumulus white cloud with blue shadows runs along the blue sky. Color combinations of color are saturated. Only the old pine with a thick trunk stands steadily, giving the composition a steadiness. In the gap between the trees - an immense distance. This achieves the dynamism of the solution of space. On the river you can see three white triangles. Are these the canoes of the fishermen? To the spectator comes the joy of belonging to the landscape open to him, and he sees the beautiful moments of life.
Drawing attention to the pedagogical talents of Rylov, he was invited to lead an animal studies class (1902-1918) at the Drawing School at the Society for the Encouragement of Artists. So the work of the painter and teacher Rylov Arkady Alexandrovich, whose biography we set out, was combined. In it, the painter made a real living place, where there lived squirrels, monkeys, hares, birds. There were even two anthills. Is not it interesting? A beautiful self-portrait with a squirrel was already placed at the beginning of the article, and now I want to take a look at his forest landscape.
"Forest dwellers" (1910)
In the wilderness of the forest corner, where no one is, except silently and immovably sitting artist, fun frolics squirrels, jumping from branch to branch. Something caught the attention of a curious animal, which is in the corner to the left. He stretched himself out completely, froze for a moment and carefully looked. A few more seconds, and squirrel will again start running across the furry paws of old fir trees. If we follow the direction of her gaze and mentally draw a straight line, we will see a white-throated woodpecker with a black wings, which works hard, extracting from under the bark of the larvae on the trunk of a tree that stands on a mossy carpet. Triangular composition creates a second squirrel, sitting on the branches at the top. The color of the canvas is extremely saturated with all shades of green and contrasting red summer skins of merry little animals.
After the revolution
The artist supported the power of the Soviets and was in the artistic association of the AHRR, participated in exhibitions of revolutionary artists. In memory of A. Kuindzhi, a society was created in which Rylov was not only the founder, but also the chairman. The artist received the title of Honored Artist of the RSFSR in 1935. Recognized by the authorities and the people, Rylov Arkady Alexandrovich, whose brief biography is coming to an end in our article, died in Leningrad in 1939.
So Arkady Alexandrovich called a modest landscape, written in 1922. The diagonal is set by a quiet ultramarine clean river. On the left look thin fishnet branches of birch. In the foreground is a lawn covered with yellow tansy with dark green leaves and dense umbrellas of white, honey-smelling flowers. Rilov Arkady Alexandrovich found a quiet river corner. "Field Arborea" became a song to the world that came after the wars that shook the country. There was no foot of a man here. The high dense grass is not crushed, the bushes quietly stand along the steep banks of the river, behind which again, as the artist loves, the immense Russian spacious and free distances come off, where they breathe deeply and calmly. The horizon closes a barely visible strip of bluish-green forest. On the field behind the river, the trees that grew on the cutting were knocked into a pile. Nearby is a stack. There was the first mowing. Above the classical composition triangle, which forms a river and a distant field, fluffy white clouds froze in a calm sky, through which the azure is seen through and through. This is a favorite Central Russian landscape, which is sweet to the heart and soul. Emotional impact is great. He strengthens his love for such a simple native nature and in general for his small homeland. Shows hidden corners Rylov Arkady Alexandrovich. "Field rowan" - an essay that is taught to write in school, then, with age, will lead to your own vision of the discreet beauty of Russian expanse.
"A house with a red roof" (1933)
Dominant of the landscape were two huge to the sky birches, standing exactly in the center of the picture, and a majestic two-thirds summer blue sky with snow-white clouds. With them, without trying to compete, the corner of the coniferous forest looks out to the left. The abundance of all shades of green that the artist found on his palette in this sultry summer day is striking: the greenish-yellow color of the mown meadow, the dark green forest, the joyful fresh greenery of the birches, the light green of the bushes and fruit trees at the foot of the forest and closing the cozy little house On the other side of the canvas. The magnificent song of the top of the summer was sung by Arkady Alexandrovich Rylov. A house with a red roof, with white pipes and Whitewashed walls, excites the imagination: who created this beauty and who was lucky enough to live in it. One character, enchanting woman in a white dress that slowly removes the hay, we see. Joy - this is the definition that brings all the paintings that Rylov Arkady Alexandrovich painted, a landscape painter.
The most famous painting
The painting "In the blue expanse" (1918) fascinates and bewitches once and for all. A flock of swans in the sky, a blue sea with a sailboat is calling for itself in a romantic distance. The artist wrote it in the cold gray Petrograd, where there was not even enough wood to warm the room. But the picture is full of bright light, delight, glee. At the viewer, she evokes a light euphoria, turning into astonishment before the mastery of the author.
The Green Lace (1928)
A gentle-green clearing in the spring forest is slightly opened to the viewer by the painter. To the left, it is bounded by a dense forest, and for us it glances through the delicate, delicate, graceful bushes covered with whitish greens. There are no sharp contrasts in color combination. Their relations are smooth and natural. The air that permeates the image, caresses the eye and makes you wonder how you can keep such a beautiful place untouched and virgin. I want to save him from the rough touches of a man and with a sinking heart to endlessly admire the splendor of nature, with such skill transferred to the canvas.
In the fairy tale - "Glush" (1920)
Now the multifaceted talent of the painter led us to the witch forest lake. Its dark, green waters, surrounded by a mysterious forest on the shore, where there are leshies, where the vedennes live, do not frighten, but fascinate. Arkady Aleksandrovich Rylov himself is a magician and a magician, once he found this hidden from all the place. The lake, occupying the third of the picture, comes very close to the frame, and opposite the shore it is covered with sedge and moss. You can see the bare roots and the remains of the white trunks falling into the black waters. Do not leave the feeling of expectation that someone should now go out to the water and sit down, thinking in sorrow. Virtually, as in all his landscapes, he uses green color, collecting all his shades on the canvas, an artist. The painting leads to ancient Russia, where there always was a place of a wise man and a wizard who could save from grief and sorrow by his mighty knowledge. The work awakens a fantasy that has disappeared in the hectic city life.
Arkady Alexandrovich Rylov left us an invaluable inheritance - his soul, embodied in canvases.