Philology is the science of language. Literally understanding this term, to reveal its essence can be as follows: "I love the word." A specialist in the field of literature is called a philologist. If we take into account that the word is a universal means of communication, it becomes clear that a person who has a filigree command of a word is a universal specialist, and the scope of his knowledge is quite extensive.
Philologist ─ What is this profession?
Specialist in philology can become, having received an education in a higher educational institution of humanitarian orientation. The training takes place at the Faculty of Philology. Specialization is carried out in the following areas of humanitarian knowledge:
- Scientific activity.
Accordingly, the specialization of the graduate may be in demand in these areas.
Philologist, what is this profession? The most common answer will be a teacher of Russian language and literature. And this corresponds to reality.
Russian language and literature is one of the main disciplines and is subject to mandatory certification at the end of the cycle of incomplete and secondary education. The results of the Unified State Exam (USE) are credited upon admission to higher educational institutions.
The teacher of the Russian language and literature can always find a job in secondary educational institutions, in the system of higher and additional education - everywhere you need a profession of a philologist. Teacher's salary Depends on the rate and level of the educational institution, the length of the experience, the hourly load. It corresponds to the average income indicators for a Russian resident, ranging from twenty to forty thousand rubles, depending on the region. The highest level of income has teachers in Moscow.
Philologist - translator
The profession of an interpreter is very much in demand in the labor market in Russia.
The downside of the profession is a high level of psychoemotional stress and responsibility in the case of simultaneous translations, which are not always offset by the amount of payment. The interpreter must have a good command of different style methods of information transfer in oral and written form. When preparing for simultaneous translation at business and scientific meetings, when specific knowledge of terminology is required, the specialists-translators study in depth the necessary subject area.
Philologist in scientific work
To study the subject of science in the history of its formation and for the depth of knowledge of phenomena in the ontology of language, it is necessary to have a profession - a philologist.
Publishing activity covers many areas, everything that concerns the organization, production and distribution of printed products in any form. It is in this sphere that the philologist is in full demand. What kind of profession is this? It becomes clear at every stage of its publishing activity.
- Authorship of materials. Journalist, copywriter, blogger - producer of author's texts. This is a direct vocation of a person with a philological education.
- Editorial staff and preparation of materials for printing.
- Promotion of materials and release.
So the profession of a philologist can manifest itself in many ways. Features and the degree of its relevance lies in the very subject of specialization - in the word. There are other ways of communication and social interactions. But, you will agree, that language is the universal way of communication. And if you perfectly master this way, the demand for services will be manifested in any sphere of the life activity of society.
Famous representatives of the profession
In order to understand: a philologist - what kind of profession, it is enough to recall the names of figures with philological education known at the world level. And everything becomes clear.
Mikhail Bakhtin is a great Russian thinker, philologist, researcher. Has given rise to many schools and scientific areas. It was he who asked the scientific community about the criteria for the truth of humanitarian knowledge. His fundamental work "Creativity Francois Rabelais and medieval Renaissance culture" is a classic of philology and reveals the origins of the origin of literature in popular culture. Dmitry Sergeevich Likhachev - personification of a consistent civil position in defending his views. He was able in his professional philological environment to show the strength of the word in the struggle for freedom. For him, the word became the strongest weapon in the fight against hypocrisy and official lies.
This series can be continued indefinitely. Thanks to the strength of the word and its importance in the information environment, journalism is often called the fourth power of society.