Prince Ivan Vasilyevich 3-rd was the son of Vasily Vasilyevich 2-nd Dark from the dynasty of Rurik. The reign of Ivan the 3rd was remembered by the unification around Moscow of a significant part of the Russian lands, turning it into the center of the Russian state. In addition, an important achievement was the complete liberation of Russia from the power of the hated Golden Horde. A normative legal act or a code of state laws, the Code of Laws, was adopted, and reforms were carried out that laid the local land tenure system, which differed from the fiefdom.
Ivan the Great was born in January 1440. His direct name was Timothy, but in honor of John Chrysostom the prince was called Ivan. The first mention of Ivan the 3rd as a "grand prince" falls about 1449, and in 1452 he becomes the head of the army, which successfully liberated the fortress of Kokshenga. The government of D. Shemyak, who had ruled for a short while, was poisoned, and the bloody internecine war, which was unleashed not without his participation, was on the wane.
The rule of Ivan III begins with his father. He controls Pereslavl-Zalessky, which at that time was one of the key cities in the Moscow state. The formation of his views is influenced by military operations and campaigns. Being first a nominal commander, he later headed an army that blocked the way to Moscow invading the Tatars.
In 1462 the years of the reign of Ivan the 3rd began, when after the illness and death of his father he obtained the right to inherit the throne and most of the state territory. He owns 16 cities, and Moscow belongs to him on a par with his brothers. Having fulfilled the will of the dying father, he divided the land according to the will between all the sons. As the eldest son, he enters the throne. The years of the reign of Ivan the 3rd begin with the issue of gold coins, by which he marked the beginning of the reign.
The foreign policy of the country during this period was aimed at uniting the lands of Russia (northeastern regions) into a single Moscow state. I would like to note that this policy turned out to be extremely successful for Russia. The reign of Ivan the 3rd, which was noted in the history of the beginning of the unification of the lands of Russians, suited not all. For example, it contradicted Lithuanian interests, so relations with the Grand Lithuanian Principality were of a strained nature, and border skirmishes occurred constantly. The successes that have been achieved through the expansion of the country have contributed to the growth and development of international relations with Europe.
Another important point is the rule of Ivan III. This design for the Russian state of independence. Nominal dependence on the Golden Horde was discontinued. The government enters into an alliance with the Crimean Khanate, actively speaking on the side of the opponents of the Horde. Cleverly combining military strength and diplomacy, Ivan the 3rd successfully directs foreign policy in the east towards the Kazan Khanate.
It is worth mentioning separately the results of the reign of Ivan the 3rd. Much has been done to unite the Russian principalities. Also, the payment of tribute to the Horde khan was finally terminated, which brought a considerable benefit to Rus.
Difficult times began in 1480, when the Lithuanian prince entered into an alliance with the Khan of the Horde, and the Livonian Order marched on Pskov against the backdrop of the Lithuanians' mutiny. The situation was resolved as a result of a bloody battle in favor of the Russian state, which received the desired independence.
The Russian-Lithuanian war, which was a confrontation between the two countries, which lasted from 1487 to 1494, ended with the conclusion of a peace treaty, during which Russia transferred most of the conquered lands, including the fortress of Vyazma.
We can also note the positive results of the reign of Ivan the 3rd in domestic politics. At this time, the foundations are laid in the management of the mandative and local system, the centralization of the country and the fight against fragmentation are carried out. The epoch was also marked by a cultural upsurge. The heyday of the chronicle, the erection of new architectural structures everywhere occurred during this period of time. This once again underscores that Ivan the 3rd was an outstanding ruler, and his nickname "The Great" best describes him.