"Kruzenstern" - a barque with a legendary past

The Kruzenshtern sailboat is a bark, a training ship of the Russian navy. The home port is Kaliningrad. It is one of the largest sailing vessels in the world. A similar ship-sailer, existing today, is a four-masted barque of Sedov.

The ship was built in Germany in 1925-1926, at the shipyard of Tecklenborg. It was launched under the name "Padua". After the end of the war of 1941-1945, in accordance with the reparation agreement, the ship passed under the jurisdiction of the USSR and was renamed in honor of Admiral Flotovodtsa Kruzenshtern Ivan Fedorovich.

The ship "vinjammer"

The four-masted "Kruzenstern" (bark-windjammer) is a classic sailing vessel that squeezes the wind, with the maximum efficiency (efficiency) of its own sailing system. In 1933, the high-speed sailboat set two cruising speed records: from the German port of Hamburg to the port city of Talcahuano, to Chile, the "Kruzenstern" (then "Padua") reached just 87 days, skirting Cape Horn, the southern tip of the American continent. From Hamburg to the Australian Port Lincoln, across the Pacific Ocean, the ship reached 67 days. These two ocean transitions were the fastest in the history of the sailing fleet.

In 1956, "Kruzenstern" stood for major repairs, which lasted five years. Then the ship was included in the research group of ships of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, and also in 1962 the ship became the base for practical training of cadets of the naval school.

Subscription in Kaliningrad

In the summer of 1967, the sailboat became part of the fleet of the Ministry of Fisheries of the USSR. In 1991, "Kruzenstern", a barque with experience, was transferred to the Higher Engineering School of Marine Research, which was located in Kaliningrad. Along with the practical training for the cadets of the school, the bark performed the tasks of exploring the fish stocks of the Baltic Sea, and also went out to the Atlantic Ocean.

The Kruzenshtern sailing vessel is a barge with considerable potential, its high-speed characteristics allow using the ship in various sea competitions. In the international regatta of 1992, "Kruzenstern" won other participants with a wide margin, showing at the distance of Boston-Liverpool 17.4 knots speed, which is neither much nor little 34.5 km / h.

Round the World Travel

In 1995, Kruzenshtern made its first round-the-world trip, during which it passed three oceans, crossed the equator four times, entered 15 ports of thirteen countries and overcame a total of 42,432 nautical miles. The voyage was dedicated to the 300th anniversary of the Russian fleet, the 225th anniversary of the birth of IF Kruzenshtern, and the 190th anniversary of the first round-the-world Russian expedition.

The next cruise "Kruzenshtern" around the globe took place in 2005. This time the journey around the world was dedicated to the 60th anniversary of the Victory and the 200th anniversary of the circumnavigation of IF Krusenstern. The sailboat left St. Petersburg port on June 24, 2005, descended to the French port city of Cherbourg and took part in the Tall Ships Race-2005, the annual regatta. Then "Kruzenstern" continued the journey.

Transatlantic Swimming

The next trip of "Kruzenstern" was the transatlantic expedition, which began in 2009. Bark participated in the Atlantic Challenge-2009, a regatta of ships with straight sails, which took place in the city of Vigo (Spain). However, this time the legendary vessel was not lucky - during the night flurry, the sails on the mainmast were severely damaged by a gust of wind. After the repair, Kruzenshtern continued swimming.

Olympic Games

During the Winter Olympic Games in Sochi, this year, the barge Kruzenstern has become one of the main tourist attractions. The ship came to Sochi from Kaliningrad through the Black Sea. Within a month, the deck of the "Kruzenstern" was open to all visitors, and a large team of cadets of the training vessel all this time fulfilled the honorary duties of the volunteers of the Olympic Games.

Bark Kruzenshtern in Sevastopol

In early May 2014 the ship left the hospitable Sochi port and went to Sevastopol. Bark Kruzenshtern in Sevastopol is a real event for the hero city. From May 8 until the end of the Victory Day, the vessel was opened for visits. Such a number of those wishing to get acquainted with the legendary sailboat will not remember either the captain, the boatswain or the crew.

Where is now the barge "Kruzenstern"

Currently, the barge "Kruzenshtern" stands at anchor, on the traverse of the Norwegian port city of Bergen. This is the answer to the question of where the bark "Kruzenstern" is now. July 20 this year, there were competitions between cadets. The four teams that are currently practicing on the ship, the Young team from Nizhny Novgorod and the team of sailors are participants in the competition. A total of six cohesive teams, each of which must pass on the boat around the ship in oars and on time. The best time of the winner, the team of the BGA SVF (Baltic State Academy, navigational faculty), is 5 minutes 15 seconds.

Similar articles





Trending Now






Copyright © 2018 Theme powered by WordPress.