Khmelnitsky is a city in Ukraine, an oblast center, standing on a river called the Southern Bug. Very soon this settlement will celebrate its 600th anniversary. It is believed that in these places people have lived since time immemorial. Despite its turbulent and rich history, Khmelnytsky is a city in which there are not many ancient sights. Should I include it in my tourist itinerary, what monuments and interesting objects can I see here?
The beginning of the history of the glorious city
It seems that in the place of modern Khmelnytsky region people lived at all times. During the archaeological excavations in this area were found settlements of the Scythian period - VII-III centuries BC. E., Chernyakhiv culture - III-V century BC. E., As well as artifacts relating to the early Iron Age (1st century BC). When exactly the modern city was founded, it is for certain unknown. The settlement with the name of Ploskirov or Proskur is first mentioned in historical documents relating to 1493.
War of Independence and Freedom
A small fortress was raided many times by Tatars. Occurred in Proskurov and peasant uprisings directed against the Poles. From 1648 to 1654 years. The Liberation War lasted. At that time, all the inhabitants of the city, led by the ataman Bogdan Khmelnitsky, bravely fought for the freedom of the city. In 1672, the war with the Turks ended, and few survived from the local population. In 1699 Proskurov again becomes a Polish city and the Poles actively move here. And in 1795 the settlement is a part of Russia.
Khmelnitsky during WWII
During the Great Patriotic War the city was captured by the Germans. Here, a concentration camp was set up, in which, according to preliminary estimates of experts, at least 65,000 people died. Local residents try not to remember those terrible times, but, nevertheless, this is a true story of the city. Khmelnitsky was badly damaged during the German occupation. Many townspeople have died, parks have been cut down and most of the urban development has been destroyed.
The second flourishing of the liberated city
After the end of the war, the priority task was the resumption of the national economy. As soon as the local population has returned to a peaceful and fairly prosperous life, the city is expanded and literally rebuilt. Simultaneously with the new housing estates there are large industrial objects. These are factories of transformer substations, thermoplastic automatic machines, radio engineering and Traktorodetal. At the same time, new educational institutions are opening, in particular Khmelnytsky National University.
The city of Khmelnitsky: the population and the most famous people born here
According to data for 2006, the area of the city was 8,600 hectares, and the number of its inhabitants was 256,000 people. The demographic situation in the region is good - the population is steadily increasing, people from the region come here permanently, the birth and death rates are within the norm. According to data for 2015, the city's population is 300 100 people. A lot of people were born in the city, famous for their high achievements in various fields. This is a psychologist, philosopher and church figure Vasily Zenkovsky, People's Artist of the RSFSR Georgy Vereisky, an active participant in the Ukrainian revolution of 1917-1920. Kost Misevich, People's Artist of Ukraine Anatoly Molotai, Olympic champion in 1976, Honored Master of Sports Sergei Nagorny and many others.
Description and photo of the city in our days
Today Khmelnitsky is a large developed city. There are about 80 industrial facilities, an airport, two railway stations, a long-distance bus station and two bus stations. There are enough institutions of preschool and secondary education in the city, there are also 15 universities, as well as professional lyceums and colleges. What does the city of Khmelnitsky look like today? Photos of its streets you can see in our article.
Sights of Khmelnitsky
The history of the city is full of various events, often not the most pleasant. For this reason, there are not too many historical monuments in this region. Tourists can visit today local history and art museums. Tours to Medzhibozhskaya fortress, built in the XIV century, are very popular. It is believed that it was here that Bogdan Khmelnitsky stayed . Noteworthy and modern monuments: the only sculpture in all Ukraine Baron Munchausen, a monument to those killed during local military conflicts and a composition composed of fragments of the present intercontinental missile SS-19.
Tips for tourists
Especially to go to Khmelnitsky from another country does not make sense. But the residents of neighboring regional centers and tourists who come for the whole holiday in Ukraine are happy to spend time getting to know this ancient city. A popular question among beginners who travel for the first time in this direction: "Where is the city of Khmelnitsky?" Find it will not be difficult, since it is a question of the regional center.