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Symptoms of cystitis in children, the causes of its appearance, diagnosis and treatment

Cystitis in young children is often acute, and only in neglected cases, it can go into a chronic disease. The frequency of diagnosis of this ailment in infants is small because of an unclear clinical picture. However, the symptoms of cystitis in older children are manifested in the form of involuntary urination and urinary incontinence. Boys face this disease less often than girls.

Causes of Cystitis

1. Infections of the kidneys and urinary tract in acute or chronic form.

2. Violation of elementary rules of hygiene. It should be remembered that girls should be washed away from the front to the back, otherwise the risk of infection of the urethra is not ruled out.

3. Frequent hypothermia is also the cause of the disease, especially if the child's body has an inflammatory focus. In this case, any delay in urine can provoke acute inflammation of the mucous membrane of the bladder, which will cause the symptoms of cystitis in children.

4. Candidiasis. In infancy, this pathogen leads to thrush. In a more mature age, it is the candida fungus that can cause the symptoms of cystitis in children.

5. Violation of acts of physiological urination. Most often this is due to improper care for babies.

Cystitis in children - symptoms

The disease is an acute inflammation of the bladder. Most often, the symptoms of cystitis in children are the following:

- painful sensations and heaviness in the lower abdomen ;

- frequent urge to act urination;

- cutting pain at the very beginning or end of urination;

- in advanced cases, purulent discharge from the urethra may appear.

Diagnosis of cystitis

A general urine test is performed, in which a large number of leukocytes and epithelial cells are detected. The protein in urine is absent.

How to treat cystitis in a child?

Before to start treatment of an illness, it is necessary to reveal the exact reason of its occurrence. Correct therapy can be prescribed only after identifying the pathogen that caused the disease. It should be borne in mind that cystitis, provoked by candidiasis, should not be treated with antibacterial agents, since they can cause an acute course of the disease. In the bacterial form of the disease, antifungal therapy is contra-indicated. In any case, the treatment of this ailment in children should be carried out under the close supervision of the attending physician. This is due to the fact that cystitis can give complications and go to glomerulonephritis or to pyelonephritis. Categorically contraindicated hot sessile baths, any compresses in the area of the bladder. These measures can only bring temporary relief, but they will only exacerbate the course of the disease. You should give the baby as much fluid as possible to increase the volume of urine output. An excellent diuretic is a decoction of bearberry and cowberry leaf. The bladder can spontaneously purify itself with an increase in diuresis, which is due to the antibacterial properties of urine. In order to stop acute pain, you can give the child a "no-shpu". However, it must be remembered that only a specialist should prescribe any medications.

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