The summer period in preschool is the opportunity to fully dedicate the work to health-saving technologies. During the preparation for the healing process, the pedagogical staff develops routes of walks and excursions, replenishes the card file of mobile games and correctional exercises. A detailed plan of the summer recreational work in the DOW is compiled. It highlights the main points of working with children - tempering procedures, physical recreation, integrated activities.
How does the summer season begin?
Summer preschoolers spend a lot of time on the site, in the fresh air. It is in summer that children receive maximum impressions and positive emotions - outdoor games, physical entertainment, tempering procedures, sports events.
While a summer health-improvement plan is being drawn up in the DOW, The necessary work is carried out on the territory. The safety of children should come first. Required activities before the beginning of the summer period:
- Revision of street inventory.
- Painting a sports ground.
- Necessary repairs (verandas, swings, benches).
- A Saturday in the whole garden.
- Instructing staff about the safety of children during the holidays, hikes.
Begins improving work in the Dow in the summer With planning. The creative group develops goals and objectives, forms of work with children and parents.
Goals of the health period
In recent decades, work with pre-schoolers has focused on health-saving technologies. The program of health improvement in the DOW is only the direction in which the institution's teachers should move to obtain the necessary result.
The basic program is usually supplemented by methodological developments. It can be "Point massage" by Umanskaya AA, "Muscular relaxation" by J. Jacobson, "Gymnastics for the fingers" Pak Jae Woo, "Psychogymastics" Chistyakova M.I.
The main goals of health improvement are the preservation and strengthening of children's health (emotional, physical, mental). At the same time, the individual characteristics of each child must be taken into account in the work.
Physical fitness and health work in the DFG for GEF aims to protect, strengthen the physical health and mental well-being of the child. The introduction of the standard makes it possible to see the result of the work in perspective and to strive for it.
Objectives of the health period
One common goal helps to orient in the direction of health work. Tasks lead to a comprehensive solution to the goal. They help to structure the work in different directions:
- Increase the adaptive capacity of the body through various forms of hardening.
- Formation of a positive emotional mood.
- Creation of conditions for independent motor activity of children.
- Improving the physical functions of the child's body.
- Development of the culture of movement.
- Formation of the need for physical exercises, hygienic procedures, healthy lifestyle.
It is compulsory to conduct a diagnosis of the psycho-physical state of children's health before and after the recovery period. Notify parents of hardening, hygienic procedures or other activities.
Planning of summer recreational work in the pre-school
Planning for work with children consists of several main stages:
- Diagnosis of health.
- Full nutrition and drinking regime (hygiene and aesthetics of food intake, proper selection of furniture).
- Hardening measures (contrasting douche of legs and hands, walking barefoot, stopotherapy, morning exercises, salt tracks, classes in the pool).
- Preventive measures (respiratory gymnastics, skazkoterapiya, gymnastics for the eyes, self-massage).
- Corrective measures (phonetic rhythm, individual lessons in speech development, fine motor skills, tactile, social orientation).
- Vitaminization (phytotea, juice, oxygen cocktail, vitamins).
- Work with parents.
The plan for summer recreation work in the DOW does not do without physical, musical, integrated activities, holidays and entertainment. They include:
- Physical training with valeological conversations;
- Morning exercises with music;
- Individual games and exercises;
- Athletic leisure with parents;
- Correcting gymnastics after a quiet hour;
- Playing in a dry pool;
- Integrated outdoor activities;
- Sports and music festivals.
Forms of health work in the pre-school
All work in the pre-school establishment is reduced to 3 main blocks:
- The initiative of adults is specially organized moments in which adults act as leaders and children as slaves.
- The joint activity of adults and children is the existence of an equal relationship, a mutual desire for interaction.
- Independent activity of children is a spontaneous desire in the game, creativity to embody already known techniques.
Forms of health work help from the 1 st block with time to move to the third block. It is important not only to show the child the basics of hygiene and the right way of life. It is important to motivate him to constantly use the acquired knowledge.
Physical culture and health work in the pre-school Adheres to such forms as:
- Training sessions;
- sport competitions;
- Conversations about the preservation of health, the structure of the body;
- Motor workouts;
- Classes in the pool;
- Tourist trips;
- Holidays, leisure, sports days.
Physical culture and health work in the Dow on GEF Can take a variety of forms. It must be remembered that in the summer, training sessions are not conducted. Therefore, more attention should be paid to mobile games, sports entertainment and targeted walks.
The hardening consists of a whole complex of activities that can be carried out at home with parents. In this case, take into account the emotional and physical state of the child.
The organization of health-improving work in the DOW begins with the creation of conditions for the conduct of therapeutic and prophylactic measures. In summer, the main tempering procedures are carried out:
- Light-air bath;
- Dousing of feet and hands with cool water;
- Hardening gymnastics after a day's sleep;
- Walking barefoot on the "paths of health";
- Mouth rinse after eating.
The basic principles of tempering are regularity and gradualness. If a child goes to kindergarten every day, Then over the summer he will learn the basic principles of hygiene, learn about hardening procedures. The main thing is a positive emotional mood, which will contribute to the overall improvement of the body.
Correction measures in summer are carried out by all specialists of the kindergarten - speech therapist, music teacher, IZO teacher, instructor in physical culture, choreographer, psychologist.
Correction games can be conducted individually or include them in general classes:
- Communicative games.
- Articulatory gymnastics.
- Logical exercises.
- Finger exercises.
- Exercises for bodily therapy.
- Games for relaxation.
- Phonetic rhythmics.
- Orthopedic gymnastics.
The importance of corrective games is that the child sees how other children perform the exercises. So the kids quickly overcome the restraint and fear, get the necessary skills. When a child visits a kindergarten, then there is an competitive effect - to do better than others.
To preventive measures include complexes of exercises. They prevent the appearance of scoliosis, flat feet, visual impairment. Non-traditional methods are also used to prevent diseases, strengthen the nervous system and create a positive emotional background:
- Gymnastics for the eyes.
- Art therapy.
- Music therapy.
- Fairy tale therapy.
As well as corrective, preventive measures are carried out not only by educators, but also by all specialists of the institution.
The obligatory procedure is based on the age-specific features of the health work in the DOW. In the middle group, preventive measures differ significantly from exercises for preparatory. Gradual complication is a fundamental factor for the full development of children.
Work with parents
Plan of summer recreation work in the pre-school Includes work with parents. The close interaction of the family and the garden helps to speed up the process of acquiring hygienic habits. For parents, information stands are put on the street , where you can find advice on a healthy lifestyle, the formation of hygienic skills.
At the parents' meetings or in private conversation, the nurse will tell you about the ways of hardening. Help the council in organizing the necessary procedures at home. In the memos for parents, the teacher will write a phyto prescription or rules of articulation.
Physical culture and health work in the DOW also can not do without the participation of mom and dad. Joint sports days and competitions, health days and hikes will help to include parents in the upbringing and improving process.
In some gardens ecological paths are created. They allow you to make small excursions with children and parents on the territory of a children's preschool institution.
Features of the summer period
In summer time of stay of children in the open air increases. It is necessary to take into account weather conditions when going out for a walk.
Morning gymnastics and physical training are held on the street. In good weather, drawing, appliqué, modeling, manual labor, musical classes take place outdoors. Daily hardening procedures and corrective exercises are conducted.
Most often taking into account the weather conditions, you should play games with sand, water. Organize observational activity (for the sun, the wind, insects, plants).
The organization of work and supervision should take into account the plan for summer health work in the DOW. GEF recommends the creation of optimal conditions for the independent activity of children. Therefore, toys, tools should be for every child. On the site, you must break the flower beds or make a small garden. Then children can plant flowers and vegetables themselves. Watch their growth and take care of the plants.
A sedentary lifestyle, an increase in the incidence of children make the project of recreational work in the DOW urgent. Practical orientation of the project activity will help to organize the subject environment and involve children, parents, employees in the upbringing and health improvement process.
The project specifies why a healthy lifestyle is needed, how it will help the life of a person. Theoretical part prescribes goals, tasks, expected result, methods and technologies used.
Practical part includes talks with children, observation, theatricalization of tales of healthy living, didactic games, reading stories, watching cartoons and videos. They should encourage children to realize the need for hygienic, hardening skills.
The project begins with monitoring the incidence of children. After that, a plan of health work, selection of exercises and techniques is drawn up.
Organizational moments of work
In the summer, children should not be overworked. Overloading of the cardiovascular, musculoskeletal systems of the body can lead to serious consequences. Therefore, it is obligatory to alternate periods of motor activity with calm games, relaxation.
Morning. Gymnastics on the street, outdoor games. Hygienic procedures after a walk, breakfast. After eating, rinse your mouth. Reading books, talking about health. On a walk - the exercises for the development of large and small motor skills. Exercises in balance alternate with relaxation gymnastics, eye gymnastics and articulatory exercises. Practice games-roundelays, walking barefoot on the grass, sports games (badminton, ball games, bowling, riding bicycles and scooters).
Day. Hygienic procedures before dinner. Pouring feet and hands to the elbow with cool water. With good weather, the windows are open all day. Be sure to practice daytime sleep without a T-shirt. After him - corrective gymnastics on the beds. Before a snack - watching the plants in the group, learning poems about nature.
Evening . During the evening walk, you can arrange a creative workshop on the veranda: the children choose the modeling, drawing, manual labor at will. After quiet classes, arrange competitions with sports attributes. Alternate them with the elements of respiratory gymnastics. In the end - a walk along the ecological path with the parents.
Recommendations for the thematic work plan in the summer
Holidays for children: "As a brook went to visit", "Learn Luntika to do exercises", "Save nature", "Merry Games", "Relay with Lesovichk", "Day of the Sun", "Tempering, Do not Be Shy", "Drawing on Sand, Water Games, Summer Olympics, Moydodyr and Summer.
Consultations for educators: "The plan of improving work in the summer period", "Aesthetics of the site", "Drinking regime", "Fundamentals of tempering", "Moving games in the summer", "Daily routine in SanPiNu", "Organization of motor activity", "How to compile Talk about the structure of the body, "" HLS for children, "" Hard work on the air. "
Consultations for parents : "Moving games on the beach", "Games with sand, water", "Learning to melt and dive," "How to play with the child in the summer?", "Sunny burn and heat stroke", "Tempering together", "What Berries can be eaten? "," We are at the cottage with a baby "," If you were bitten by a wasp "," A child on the road "," Safety in the summer "," How to make health trails on your own? "
Joint activities with the parents : "Happy Games Day", "Visiting Traffic Light", "How the Germs got on their hands", "Merry Starts", "Day Chistyul", "Neptune Day".