Soviet intelligence is the best in the world. None of these structures on the planet can boast in its entire history such a number of brilliantly conducted operations - one kidnapping of US atomic technologies is worth it!
The geniuses of Soviet intelligence
Can the CIA, or Mossad, or MI6, oppose anyone to Soviet intelligence officers of the same class as Arthur Artuzov (Operation Trust and Syndicate 2), Rudolph Abel, Nikolai Kuznetsov, Kim Philby, Richard Sorge, Aldrich Ames or Gevork Vartanyan? They can. Agent 007. Operations conducted by Soviet intelligence are being studied in all special schools of the world. And among this brilliant galaxy can not be called the most-most. One article justifies the idea that the best Soviet intelligence officer is Kim Philby, in the other they call Richard Sorge. Gevorg Vartanyan, who defeated the Abwehr, according to authoritative and unbiased assessments, is one of the world's top scouts. And the above-mentioned Artur Artuzov, except for dozens of brilliantly conducted operations, supervised at certain times the work of such outstanding Soviet scouts as Shandor Rado and Richard Sorge, Jan Chernyak, Rudolf Gernstad and Hadji-Umar Mamsurov. On the exploits on the invisible front of each of them books are written.
The most fortunate
For example, the Soviet scout Jan Chernyak. In 1941, he managed to obtain the Barbarossa plan, and in 1943 the plan for the German army's offensive near Kursk. Jan Chernyak created a powerful agent network, no member of which was never exposed by the Gestapo - for 11 years of work his group "Krona" had not a single failure. According to unconfirmed reports, his agent was the movie star of the Third Reich Marika Ryokk. Only for one of 1944, his group sent to Moscow 60 samples of radio equipment and 12 500 sheets of technical documentation. He died on pension in 1995. Hero of the Soviet Union. Served as the prototype of Stirlitz (Colonel Maxim Isayev).
Soviet intelligence officer Hajj-Umar Mamsurov, who participated under the pseudonym of Colonel Xanthi in the Civil War in Spain, served as a prototype of one of the heroes of Ernest Hemingway's novel "For Whom the Bell Tolls". Recently, a lot of materials on Soviet intelligence have been declassified, allowing us to understand what is the secret of its phenomenal victories. It is very interesting to read about this structure and its brightest employees and co-workers. Very few people know about many of them. Only recently, the channel "Russia 1" launched a project in which amazing stories about the legendary exploits of Soviet spies are told.
Hundreds of little-known and unknown heroes
For example, the film "Kill Gauleiter. The Order for Three "tells about three young scouts - Nadezhda Troyan, Maria Osipova and Elena Mazanik, who carried out the order to destroy the executioner of Belarus, Wilhelm Kuba. The Soviet intelligence officer Pavel Fitin was the first to report to the Kremlin about the plans of Germany's attack on the Soviet Union. There are a lot of them - the heroes of the invisible front. Some remain in the shadows for the time being, others, because of the circumstances, are known and loved by the people.
The legendary scout and partisan
Often this is facilitated by well-placed films with talented and charming actors and well-written books, such as Nikolai Kuznetsov. The story "It was near Rovno" and "Strong in spirit" by Dmitry Medvedev was read by all the children in the Union. Soviet scout of World War II, Nikolai Kuznetsov, who personally destroyed 11 generals and bonzes of fascist Germany, was known, without exaggeration, to every citizen of the USSR, and at one time he was in general the most famous Soviet intelligence officer. Moreover, his features are discernible in the collective image of the hero of the legendary Soviet film "The Scout's Feat," which has been cited so far.
Real events and facts
In general, Soviet scouts of World War II are surrounded by a halo of glory, because the cause for which they worked and very often gave their lives ended in a great victory for the Red Army. And so the films about scouts penetrating the Abwehr or other fascist structures are so popular. But the scenarios were not at all conceived. The plot of the paintings "The Way to Saturn" and "The End of" Saturn "is based on the story of the scout AI Kozlov, who rose to the rank of captain in the Abwehr. He is called the most mysterious agent.
The legendary Zorge
In connection with the films about Soviet intelligence officers, one can not help recalling the tape of the French director Iva Ciampi "Who are you, Dr. Zorge?" The legendary Soviet intelligence officer who was in Japan during the Second World War and created there a powerful ramified intelligence network that had the nickname Ramsay, told Stalin German attacks on the Soviet Union. The film spurred interest in both actor Thomas Holtzman and Richard Sorge, whom very few people knew by that time. Then the press began to appear articles about him, and for a while the Soviet intelligence officer, the head of the organization in Japan, Richard Sorge became very popular. Tragic fate of this resident - he was executed in the courtyard of the Tokyo prison "Sugamo" in 1944. The whole of Zorge's residence in Japan was failed. His grave is in the same place where he was executed. The first of the Soviet people who put flowers on his grave was the writer and journalist Vsevolod Ovchinnikov.
Exchangeable on Powers
At the beginning of the film "The Dead Season", Rudolf Abel turns to the audience. The prototype of the scout, who was perfectly played by Donatas Banionis, was served by another famous Soviet intelligence officer, Konon Molodyi. Both he and Rudolf Abel, as a result of the betrayal of their partners, failed in the United States, were sentenced to long terms and exchanged for American scouts (the famous exchange scene on the bridge in the film). For a while Rudolf Abel, who was exchanged for the American pilot F.G. Powers, becomes the most discussed intelligence officer. His work in the states since 1948 was so effective that already in 1949 he was awarded the Order of the Red Banner in his homeland.
The Soviet spy, the head of an organization known as the "Cambridge Five", Arnold Deutsch attracted to the work of the Soviet Union large high-ranking officers of British intelligence and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Allen Dulles called this organization "the strongest reconnaissance group of the Second World War".
Kim Philby (Stanley's nickname) and Donald Macklin (Homer), Anthony Blunt (Johnson), Guy Burgess (Hicks) and John Cairncross - all of them had valuable information because of their high position, and therefore the group's performance was high. Kim Philby is called the most famous and most important Soviet intelligence officer.
The legendary "Red Chapel"
Another Soviet intelligence officer, the leader of the Red Chapel organization, the Polish Jew Leopold Trepper, entered the annals of intelligence of our country. This organization was a horror for the Germans, Trepper they respectfully called the Big Chef. The largest and most effective Soviet intelligence network operated in many countries of Europe. The history of many members of this organization is very tragic. To combat it, the Germans created a special Sonderkommando, which was personally led by Hitler.
Known a lot, unknown even more
There are many lists of Soviet scouts, there are five of the most successful. It includes Richard Sorge, Kim Filby, Aldridge Ames, Ivan Agayants and Lev Manevich (worked in Italy in the 30's). In other lists, other names are called. Robert Hanssen, an FBI employee in the 70s and 80s, is often mentioned. It is obvious that it is impossible to name the most-most, since Russia has always had more than enough enemies, and there have always been many people who gave their lives in the secret struggle against them. And the names of a large number of scouts are still classified as "secret".